Posted May 20, 2015
When you pull into a local gas station in Walled Lake to fill your empty tank, it may be tempting to reach for the fuel with the lowest price tag. After-all, how can one little number be so important?
But reaching for the regular grade isn’t always the right choice – consult your owner’s manual, the sticker on the gas cap, or call our techs at (248) 668-1200 for advice for your vehicle – keep reading for more information about gasoline octane and when it matters.
What do the numbers on the gas pump mean?
When you stop at the pump, the numbers indicate the octane rating of the fuel. This rating (87, 89, 93, etc.) relates to its ability to be compressed in the engine without igniting prematurely.
In a typical engine, gas and air are combined in the cylinders then compressed into a smaller volume. Once compressed, the fuel is ignited with a spark plug to create the combustion that powers your vehicle.
But different engines compress the fuel and air at varying ratios – high performance engines often have higher compression ratios that gives your vehicle higher horsepower.
The octane grade relates directly to the compression in the engine. Higher octane gasoline can withstand more pressure and compression without spontaneously igniting.
Can I use the cheaper gas to save money?
When the fuel ignites on its own (during compression instead of with the spark plug), you’ll notice a knocking sound in the engine. Did you recently fill the tank? You might be using the wrong grade of gasoline.
If you notice this sound, bring your vehicle into a trusted auto shop right away. Pre-ignition can damage the engine, so catching the problem early can help prevent further damage and costly repairs.
Uncontrolled combustion inside the cylinders is called knock or ping, and can cause severe engine damage. Using the lowest grade of gasoline might save you a few pennies now, but it’ll cost you much more when you have to repair or replace your engine later.
Is “Premium” fuel better for the engine?
Higher octane or “premium” fuel won’t boost the performance of your vehicle. If you put 93 grade fuel into your engine that calls for 87, you won’t see any increase in power, speed, or performance. Horsepower comes from the engine, not the fuel.
It’s always best to use the grade of fuel recommended in your owner’s manual. The manufacture can calculate the best octane rating based on the compression ratio and running temperatures inside your engine. Use the recommended fuel – if your engine calls for regular, there’s no need to pay more for premium!
Will I ever need to change fuel types?
As your car gets older, you may notice changes in the performance. If you notice knocking or pinging as you drive, you may need to consider putting in a higher octane. Carbon deposits inside the cylinders can raise the combustion ratio, requiring higher octane.
However, with proper care and maintenance, you can keep your engine in its best condition to keep running as it was designed!
Services like regular oil changes, cooling system flushes, fuel injection cleaning, and motor vac will keep your engine in shape for a long and healthy life. Stop by Kenny’s Lakes Area Auto Experts in Walled Lake for your preventative maintenance services or if you notice ping or knocking in the engine.
If you have any questions about the right gasoline for your vehicle, different fuel types, or the services needed to care for your engine, call our team of certified technicians and advisors: (248) 668-1200.